Activity 3.14 NCERT Class 10 Science, Metals and Non-metals

Activity 3.14 NCERT Class 10 Science, Chapter 3 Metals and Non-metals

Activity 3.14 NCERT Class 10 Science rusting of iron experimentBrief procedure:

Activity 3.14 asks us to experiment with iron nails in various conditions.

A. Iron dipped in water B. Nail dipped in water with some oil floating on water. C. Iron nail with calcium chloride.


Nails in test tube A got rusted in a few days. Nails in test tube B and C did not get rust.


It shows water and air both are necessary to form rust.


Oxidation of iron metal with oxygen require high temperature. The other alternative is to use the hydration energy of water. The outer layer of iron nail reacts with oxygen in the presence of water to form its oxide.

4Fe(s) + 6H2O(l) + 3O2(g) ———-> 2Fe2O3*3H2O

Outer layer now scrapes off and give way to oxygen and moisture to the inner layer of iron. The process goes on until all iron convert into its oxide.

In the test tube, B oil prevents oxygen from dissolving in water. In the test tube C, calcium chloride acts as an absorbent and absorbs moisture present in it. So, Iron does not form rust in these test tubes.

7 thoughts on “Activity 3.14 NCERT Class 10 Science, Metals and Non-metals”

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