The Fundamental Unit of Life MCQ – Objective Questions with answers
1. The English scientist who first observed a cell and coined the term ‘cell” was…
2. which object did he use to observe cells?
a. Onion bulb b. Potato c. Cork d. None.
Answer: Cork cells
3. ‘Cell’ is a Latin word which means…
A little room
4. Few examples of a unicellular organism are…
Amoeba, Paramoecium, Chlamydomonas, bacteria.
5. A human cell consist of…
The plasma membrane, nucleus, cytoplasm, and various organelles like mitochondria, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi bodies, lysosomes etc.
6. Plant cell contains…
a. Chlorophyll b. Cell wall c. Nucleus d. Plastid e. All.
7. A cell wall is present only in…
a. Plant cells b. Bacterial cells c. Animal cells d. a and b
8. A plasma membrane is a selectively-permeable membrane while a cell wall is..
9. Carbon dioxide moves out of the cell by the process…
10. Water move in and out of the cell by the process…
11. In a saline solution, a cell will swell or shrink?
12. In distilled water, a cell will…
13. An egg is a ….. celled structure.
14. A plasma membrane consists of
Protein and lipids.
15. Amoeba acquires his food by the process…
The Fundamental Unit of Life MCQ
16. A plant cell wall is mainly composed of …
17. ….. is the shrinkage of a cell in water.
18. Genetic material inside a cell is confined to …
12. Examples of double-membraned organelles are..
Nucleus, mitochondria, plastids.
13. A cell with a well-defined nucleus is…
14. A cell with a poorly defined nucleus is
15. Animals, plants and amoeba are prokaryote or eukaryote?
16. Examples of prokaryotes are…
17. Protoplasm = Cell – (Cell wall + ……)
18. Cytoplasm = Protoplasm – ……
19. Organelles in eukaryotic cells are membrane-bound or without membrane.
20. Organelles in a ……. cell are not membrane-bound
Prokaryotic and virus.
21. Identify the marked subjects.
22. The above process of food intake by amoeba is…
23. The network of the tube-like structure in a cell is
24. We use Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum as rough because ……. are attached to it.
25. SER stands for…
Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum
24. RER does protein synthesis while SER does…
25. Other functions of endoplasmic reticulum are:
RER: Protein transport
SER: Detoxification (in liver cells)
26. Membrane-bound flattened sacs (vesicles) arranged parallelly in a cell are…
a. ER b. Nucleus c. Lysosome d. Golgi body.
27. Storing, packaging and modification of newly formed protein occur in
28. With the help of enzymes from RER, Golgi bodies also form…
a. Vacuoles b. Lysosomes c. Mitochondria d. None.
29. Lysosomes are membrane-bound sacs filled with
30. Suicidal bags of cell are…
Class 9 Science Chapter 5 MCQ
31. Lysosomes help in the ……. digestion of the food.
32. The powerhouse of a cell is:
a. Mitochondria b. Plastid c. Nucleus d. Glucose.
33. Which part of mitochondrial membrane form ATP.
34. Colourful organelles in plant cells are called:
a. Chloroplast b. Plastid c. Chromoplast d. Leucoplast.
35. Green chromoplast of a plant cell is…
36. Leucoplast is a storing organelle for
a. Protein b. Fats c. Starch d. All
37. ………… is a membranous layer present in the chloroplast.
38. Storage sac in plant and animal cell is…
39. Vacuole in animals is small while in a plant it is…
40. The function of the vacuole in plants is…
to provide rigidity and turgidity.
41. Two types of cell division are
Mitosis and meiosis
42. Mitosis produces two identical cells, while meiosis produces ……… unidentical cells.