Every part of the brain does some specific functions. For example, frontal part of the brain is our think centre, spinal cord and medulla oblongata regulates our heart rate and breathing pattern. Similarly, the posterior part of our brain controls speaking, writing. This part is also responsible for the Maintainance of our posture and equilibrium. This part we call Cerebellum.
Additional facts: You will be surprised to know that the ear which we use to hear sound has an additional function also, in fact, primary function. The internal ear contains some sensors which analyze our, posture, gravity and acceleration. It sends all these data to the cerebellum. Cerebellum interprets the signal and adjusts the body posture as per the need.