# Activity 12.5 Class 10 Science Electricity

Activity 12.5 Class 10 Science Electricity

Brief procedure:

Activity 12.5 asks us to measure the potential difference at various positions when resistances are in series.

Observation

The potential difference across different resistances in series have different values.

Explanation:

Potential difference is the form of energy similar to the potential energy of an object due to gravitational pull. In kinetics, if we drop an object from a height, its potential energy decreases. Similar things happen here too; here electron travel from one terminal of the battery to another terminal due to the P.D. During this travelling, the PD decrease from place to place.

Calculation:

Current in a closed circuit is same,

Now, as per Ohm’s law, V=IR

V1= I*R1; V2=I*R2; and V3= I*R3

i.e. V1+V2+V3= I*(R1+R2+R3)

And  V= I*(R1+R2+R3)

From the above two equations, we find that

V = V1+V2+V3

Inference/conclusion:

Potential different at different positions in a circuit is different, and their sum equals the potential difference at the source.

Next: Experiment to demonstrate resistors in parallel have different current flowing through them; Activity 12.6.

See also: Experiment to demonstrate current in a closed circuit remains the same all places; Activity 12.4.