NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Components of Food Solution

NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Components of Food Solution

Syllabus of chapter 2 Components of food

What is food; definition of nutrients that are present in the food like. Carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins; various test to identify these nutrients: starch test, protein test, fat test; the importance of dietary fibres; Balanced diet definition; deficiency diseases.

Table of content:

  1. Exercise solution Components of food.
  2. Suggested project and activities Components of food.
  3. In text Activities.

Exercises Question Answer Solution 

1. Name the major nutrients in our food.


Carbohydrates, Fats, proteins, minerals, vitamins

2. Name the following

(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.

(b) The nutrients that ate needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.

(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.

(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.


(a) Carbohydrates (b) Proteins (c) Vitamin A (d) Calcium.

3. Name two foods each rich in:
Sources of Vitamin A

(a) Fats

(b) Starch

(c) Dietary fibre

(d) Proteins


(a) Fats: Mustard oil, Coconut oil.

(b) Starch: Rice, wheat.

(c) Dietary fibre: Cucumber, Carrot.

(d) Proteins: Fish, egg.

4. Tick () the correct statements.

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfil the nutrient requirement of our body.

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet.

(c) A balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items.

(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body.


(a) (✖) (b) () (c) () (d) (✖).

5. Fill in the blanks.

(a) __________ is caused by the deficiency of vitamin D.

(b) Deficiency of __________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.

(c) Deficiency of vitamin C causes a disesase known as __________.

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of __________ in our food.


(a) Rickets (b) Vitamin B1 (c) Scurvy (d) Vitamin A.


Suggested Projects and Activities Science Chapter 2 components of food

 1. Diet of a 12-year-old child

Morning Breakfast options: 

a. Oats with curd (oats are a good source of minerals and curd contain proteins.)

b. Fruit salad: Apple, papaya, watermelon, banana, mango, litchi, orange etc.

c. Boiled egg/omelette: Eggs are a good source of protein and natural fats. Incorporating them to the diet makes the diet balanced.

d. Milk.

Afternoon lunch:

a. Few chapatis, one small bowl steamed rice; pulse, one or two seasonable vegetables with curd, juice, raita, salad etc.

Evening snacks: 

Fruit salad


Chapatis; some steamed rice; with curd/milk; one or two seasonable vegetables like cauliflower, cabbage, pumpkin, ladies finger etc.

2. Effects of taking an excess of food nutrients.

The nutritious substance does good only in optimum amount. If we take more amount of nutrient, there is an excess of that nutrient. Sometimes it leads to ill-effects. For example, if we eat a high quantity of fat, there is a higher chance of getting obesity. Some water-soluble vitamins do not cause any harm as they move out of the body through water. But fat soluble vitamin-like Vitamin A, D, E, K accumulate inside the body.



Reference: NCERT class 6 Science Chapter 2.

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